While the Riyadh agreement itself does not say so bluntly, us statements of support – at least in official and conservative circles – have clouded optimism that this agreement strengthens anti-Houthis during the war. In a statement of praise for the Riyadh deal, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said, 「This is a way to strengthen the alliance against the Houthis.」 The Wall Street Journal, which reiterated this official position, noted much the same opinion in an editorial: 「This is important because it puts the United States and its Gulf allies in a better position to deal with the Houthis, the Iranian-backed group… The fact that this optimism has not yet been confirmed by positive results on the ground has not worried the Trump administration enough to put its diplomatic clout behind efforts to achieve a comprehensive peace. The agreement was signed in November between Yemen`s internationally recognized government and separatists in the south of the country. It aimed to put an end to the internal fighting. A committee member who observed the implementation of the Riyadh agreement confirmed to Anadolu Agency that STC troops have begun to withdraw from Aden and are heading towards the front lines in Ad Dali province. 1 「Text of the Riyadh Agreement」 Between Yemeni Government and STC 「Document」, Anadolu Agency, 05/11/2019 (called on 08/11/2019 at bit.ly/2CiQPnW). 2 「Jeddah Agreement Delayed: Government Frustrates UAE Amendments And Security Arrangements Ongoing In Aden」, Alaraby Aljadeed, 20/10/2019 (called on 20/10/2019 at bit.ly/2WOWECU). 3 The agreement prohibits any participation by anyone involved in violence or instigations during the August 2019 confrontations. These include Interior Minister Ahmad Al Massiri and Transport Minister Salah Al Jabawani, who cannot assume portfolios in the new government. The same goes for Shabwa Governor Mohammed Saleh Bin Adyu and military leaders such as General Abdullah Al Subeihi and Colonel Mahran Al Qabati, both commanders of the presidential brigades. Brigadiers Fadl Hassan and Fadl Baesh are released because they did not participate in the fighting and sympathize with the STC: the former commands the fourth military region and the latter is responsible for special forces in Aden and Abyan governorates. On the STC side, the commander of Shabwa`s elite forces Major Muhammad Salem Al Bouher, the vice chairman of the STC steering committee Hani Bin Bureik and the head of the StC`s National Assembly, Brigadier Ahmad Said Bin Bureik. 4 「STC Takes Control Of Aden, Expands East: Ramifications And Scenarios」, Situation Assessment, Al Jazeera Institute for Studies, 05/09/2019 (called for bit.ly/2JYGjX7 21.10.2019).
5 ACRPS, 「Aden Conflict: Implications of the pro-Hadi Forces` Defeat in the Capital, Situation Assessment, 19 August 2019 (called for bit.ly/2NonMpp 27.10.2019). 6 terrorist attacks, attacks and targeted energy transports are tactics known for four years in Aden, Hadhramawt and Shabwa, in which dozens of preachers, imams and other opponents of the Emirati presence died. Several incidents were recorded prior to the signing of the agreement, including an IED attack on the anti-Emirati governor`s house in Ataq,Shabwa governorate. 7 Aziz Al Yaqoubi, 「Saudi Takes Control Of Aden To End Yemen Allies Conflict」, Reuters, 14/10/2019 (called on 27/10/2019 at bit.ly/36JK5xh). 8 「STC takes control of Aden」, a.a.O. These provisions govern the first point of the agreement. These include a government of national unity composed of twenty-four ministers divided equally between the North and the South, to be formed within 30 days of signing; Hadi will appoint the prime minister and appoint its members from representatives who are not involved in fighting or instigations during the events of August 2019. The Prime Minister-designate will then appoint, within fifteen days, a governor and a director of security for the governorate of Aden, Abyan and Dhalea within 30 days and in the other southern provinces within 60 days. . .