A repo is an agreement to sell securities (called 「collateral」) at a specified price, with an agreement to repurchase those securities at a predetermined price at a later date (the repo market operates, Committee on the Global Financial System, Bank for International Settlements, CGFS Papers No. 59, April 2017, p. 4, 5). In accordance with the Regulation, Union counterparties participating in SECURITIES financing transactions must report those transactions to a trade repository registered with the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) on the day of the transaction. The transactions covered by the Regulation include securities lending, repo transactions, liquidity and guarantee swaps and repo transactions. The scope of the proposed transaction notification requirements is considerable and can reach 155 separate data fields for each transaction (the exact number depends on the nature of the transactions). This is because the repo rate is the collateral taker`s return on lending money to the collateral provider. There are different types of rest, depending on the contractual agreements and the parties involved, and the process may involve a broker helping counterparties start trading. By definition, a reverse repo is the opposite of a repo, that is, first buying assets and then reselling them later.
Securities financing transactions (FTTs) are, on the whole, any transaction using securities to borrow cash or vice versa. In practice, these are mainly repurchase agreements (repos), securities lending operations and sale/redemption operations. In each of these securities, ownership of the securities changes temporarily against cash that temporarily changes ownership. At the end of an SFT, the change of ownership returns and both counterparties have what they originally owned, more or less a small tax, depending on the purpose of the transaction. In this regard, they act as secured loans. SFTR has a number of similarities with another pioneering EU regulation: the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR), including the structure of the entire reporting framework. For companies that already report under EMIR, either directly on links with trade repositories or by entering into agreements with counterparties, the similarities between the rules should mean that it should be possible to extend the existing reporting functions to the requirements of the RAN. The same applies where an investment firm operates under a discretionary mandate for a collective investment undertaking and concludes a pension contract on a government bond. In the event that the fund has reporting obligations in accordance with the SFTR and the investment firm is not, in that case, the investment firm under the MiFIR is not required to report transactions, as the transaction was reported after the ASR.
Article 45(2) of the RTS CCP (Regulation (EC) No 153/2013) provides that Article 45(2) of Regulation (EC) No 153/2013 provides that: that a CCP must invest 95% of the liquidity it receives in unprofitable assets, usually through reverse pension operations (FIA Response of 18 July 2017 to the European Commission`s EMIR revision proposal – Part I (REFIT proposals)). . . .