Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, said she 「trusts the British government to implement the withdrawal agreement, an international obligation and a precondition for a future partnership.」 That is what the political statement refers to. The text, which is not legally binding, has also been revised by UK and EU negotiators. 15.Following the Prime Minister`s letter, EU and UK negotiators met and the new protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland was published on 17 October. The consolidated full text of the withdrawal agreement and a revised political statement on future relations were submitted to Parliament on 19 October and, as we have seen, the House of Commons adopted a proposal on the same day that rejects the adoption of the agreement until implementing laws are passed. On 21 October, the government duly introduced this legislation, the European Union Withdrawal Act (withdrawal). The House of Commons voted for a second reading of the bill the next day, but then voted against the government`s proposed program, after which the bill`s progress was halted. The dissolution of Parliament followed on 6 November 2019 and a revised bill was published on the opening day of Parliament after the parliamentary elections on 19 December 2019. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the main areas:  「How could a country reach an agreement with Britain if it is prepared to tear up an international treaty?」 asked social democratic and Labour party leader Colum Eastwood, repeating the ideas of many in Ireland. Mr Barnier said the northern Ireland agreement protocol was important to ensure there was no physical customs border between Ireland and the province of Northern Ireland. The whole of the UK will leave the EU customs union. The customs union is an agreement between EU countries not to impose tariffs called tariffs on business from other EU countries and impose the same tariffs as anyone else for things that come from outside the EU. He added: 「We absolutely have to, it`s part of the withdrawal agreement.」 On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.
 After The replacement of Theresa May in July 2019, the leader of the Conservative party had to ask for a third extension after British MPs (PPS) failed to pass a revised Brexit agreement in the Serthepes Act. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. 4.These provisions mean that, prior to the ratification of the withdrawal agreement by the Government, no parliamentary procedure is required beyond the adoption of the Withdrawal Agreement Act. However, this agreement is one of the most important international agreements concluded by the United Kingdom in recent history, and this report was drawn up by the European Union`s Special Committee to promote an informed debate on the agreement, both in Parliament and beyond.